Today, Islam is a major religion of the world. As far as the number of followers and believers is concerned, it is the largest religion next only to Christianity. In Arabic, Islam means submission to God to attain peace in life. The believers of this universal religion are called Muslims. They believe in one and the only God, His Angels, His Books, as completed by the Holy Quran, as the word of God revealed to the last Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H.).
The Muslims observe prayers five times daily with a weekly Juma prayer on Friday noons: the pilgrimage once in a lifetime, to Kabah in Mecca is obligatory to all Muslims, male or female, who are financially, physically and mentally fit. The Muslim era began with the emigration of Mohammed (P.B.U.H.) from Mecca to Medina in 622 A.D. The Islamic calendar is lunar, determined by the sight of the moon. It is of 12 months, and each month is either of thirty or twenty nine days, depending upon the position of the moon. The two main festivals of the Muslims are Idul Fitr and Idul Adha.